Education and health are basic development objectives:
- A healthy society is a precondition for more productivity
- A good educational system is the safest bet to absorb modern knowledge and technology transfer
- Education and health are the basic component of economic growth and development. Inputs and outputs are simultaneously this process
The joint investment in Education and Health
Education and health are investments realized on the same individual
Investing in the health system increased investment income in Education
Good health increases in school enrollment
Healthy pupils learn better
Life expectancy rose to cometh in education
Investing in Education Investment income increased in the healthcare system
-programet public health want to apply knowledge
-rregullat hygiene and health care taught in school
– The health staff needs constant training
In countries with high functioning bond cometh: income ↑ ↑ → in expenses for Education & Shendesi and expenditures ↑ → Education & Shendesi we ↑ ↑ productivity and revenue
Growth in poor countries of income often leads to increased investment in Education & Health: Ignorance, infectious diseases, lack of information hinder this process
It is proven that a good education provides mothers a better health of children for each level of the income comes
In order for society to benefit from the effect “accelerator” (spillover) of investment in education & health need that this process shall leave only market mod. Many market often fails so to obtain a good level of social & health education public policy actions required.
Meaning of human capital
The term human capital is a term that economists use to measure the effect of increasing the knowledge, skills and physical health in labor productivity growth.
Measuring the benefits of education becomes:
E – revenues for education, N – income without education, which carried out the measurement year t, i – nominal interest rate. ? The benefit of education = Σ (Et + Nt) / (1 + i) t
The Education System
The development agenda after 2015, goal, goals and indicators, it is accepted that the third goal of the UN’s development: ” Promotion of proper education and training in order to increase participation in social and economic life “.
Education increases people’s intellectual capacities and increase their skills for a more dignified life. This is defined as one of the fundamental rights in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
According to UNESCO, “education policies in the new millennium should encourage inclusiveness, learning, quality, creating new occupations and education funding.”
The report of the European Commission “Education in the 21st century’s” education is recognized as one of the most valuable tools to promote the harmonious development of deep and human capital, reduce poverty, inequality and avoid ignorance , social oppression and wars.
The debate on the role of education in society in general and education in particular, should start with a definition of economic education on the basis of which can be built a question ::
Theoretical definition of education is first and foremost a private good. Demand for it is formulated by individuals who need to increase their capacity to work in order to provide a stable and long-term prosperity “.This is a standard definition.
Question: “Why governments are committed systematically in the education system, not only by building public policies for education, but also to invest in education. Why did not they leave the decision on the size of the education sector only private initiative and free competition as a part great benefits of education are private and individual benefits?
What are the benefits of society from education
Although it may seem surprising decisions to expand the size of the sectors of the education system that provides different types and levels of knowledge in a society defined as any good other public or private, so the market.
Although market knowledge administers a product with a very high social benefit abiding nomocracy and general market conditions.
The demand from society for knowledge and knowledge is created by the rate of development of basic sectors of the economy and the sectors measured by the ability of the economy to absorb the achievements of knowledge and technological progress
Offers for knowledge formulated from two components. First it includes all higher education institutions (public or private) operating in the country and provide for this society of knowledge products such as teaching, research and scientific papers, diplomas, certificates, titles and degrees. Secondly knowledge of the offer size depends on the level of public policy on higher education that are formulated in a society.
The quest for knowledge and education
Methodology of knowledge can request to have two approaches:
The first is based on the forecast of the need for vocations and dynamics analysis of employment trends in order to avoid shortages of knowledge professions.
The second approach is based on determining the demand for knowledge on the basis of the analysis of the costs and benefits of investment in higher education.
Defenders of the first approach do not believe that prices could be a suitable orientation guide to plan investment decisions in higher education so prefer to use numbers of employees to support the request for it.
While defenders of access to benefit from investment in education do not believe in the overall data coming from the labor market and believe that the best signals from the data on wages of employees who are owners of knowledge.
About these two approaches is quite a debate. I think that these approaches should be combined.
What matters is not the technique or model of formulating formal demand for higher education but; an accurate analysis of the demand for knowledge which allow getting constant feedback from the labor market, monitoring of information, the assessment of developments in the labor market, the benefits of the payroll system, in order to produce as much information and orientation to policy makers.
Offers for knowledge
Offers for knowledge is determined by the number of higher education institutions that realize the process of forming knowledge.
Knowledge of the offer size determined by the number of students enrolled, the number of university institutions, the number of teachers and their qualification level, the capacity for technology and didactic function of the learning process.
University education is organized in several major forms which are often quite different and polarized from each other.
These forms primarily undergraduate institutions appear as the state in which the financing and administration of their state.
Private university institutions in which finances are private funds and student fees and government is based on private initiative.
More and more often it found the categorization of institutions of higher education as public institutions.
Public university institution – would be an institution that finances are mainly from public funds, but their governance made by bodies elected democratically and are independent of the government.
The size of the supply of education and knowledge depends on several factors:
Firstly, the level of household income. In most emerging economies the size of the supply of education, especially university education is a positive function of income,
Second level of knowledge to the expected level of initial wages after completion of studies. This factor is much more important than the expectation that young people have for their income throughout life
Third degree of labor market development and dynamics of the professions.
Fourth flexibility of labor contracts, especially for professionals who have just been promoted and have entered the labor market.
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